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Coal - Energy Education

Coal History. Coal has been used as an energy source for nearly 2000 years. For example, coal was widely used for home heating in early 17th century England. But the Industrial Revolution dramatically increased the demand for coal. Specifically, James Watt's improvements to the steam engine made coal useful for doing work.By the 1830's coal mining was a booming industry in the eastern United ...

Coal mining - encyclopedia article - Citizendium

Coal mining is a term that encompasses the various methods used to extract the carbon-containing rock called coal from the ground. Coal tends to exist in seams, which are lateral layers under the earth that may vary in depth from one or two feet to dozens of feet. Coal mining methods. Mining of coal seams is achieved in several different ways.

Coal - ScienceDaily

Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by underground mining or open-pit mining (strip mining). It is a readily combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock. Often associated with ...

Mining Facts for Kids - Kiddle

Mining is the process of mining stuff out of the ground. Any material that cannot be grown must be mined. Mining things from the ground is called extraction. Mining can include extraction of metals and minerals, like coal, diamond, gold, silver, platinum, copper, tin and iron. Mining can also include other things like oil and natural gas.

SAGE Reference - Coal Mining - sk.sagepub.com

SAGE Video Bringing teaching, learning and research to life. SAGE Books The ultimate social sciences digital library. SAGE Reference The complete guide for your research journey. SAGE Navigator The essential social sciences literature review tool. SAGE Business Cases Real world cases at your fingertips. CQ Press Your definitive resource for politics, policy and people.

Coal Mining | Encyclopedia of Alabama

Most accounts identify the Alabama Coal Mining Company (ACMC) as the first coal-mining enterprise in that area, but personal records indicate that William Phineas Browne, founder of the Little Cahaba Iron Works, used slave labor to mine coal in the Montevallo area as early as 1849. According to Ethel Armes, historian of Alabama's coal and iron ...

The Coal Business in Wyoming | WyoHistory.org

Nov 08, 2014· In 1843, explorer John C. Frémont reported coal in what’s now southwest Wyoming. In the 1860s, the route of the new transcontinental railroad across Wyoming was chosen partly to access abundant coal deposits for fuel for the locomotives. Coal mining bo

Coal mining - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coal mining is the process of getting coal out of the ground. It is part of the mining industry. Coal is used as a resource for making electricity. Extraction Edit. Surface mining is done when the coal is near the surface. Coal miners remove the soil above the coal. The coal can then be removed without the coal miners having to go deep ...

Mining | The Canadian Encyclopedia

May 22, 2019· Industrial demand for coal and iron spurred the expansion of mining and smelting in the late colonial period. Coal mining developed rapidly near Sydney, Cape Breton, and, in the mid-19 th century, major coal deposits were located on Vancouver Island.

Coal mining | Britannica.com

Coal mining, extraction of coal deposits from the surface of Earth and from underground. Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel on Earth. Its predominant use has always been for producing heat energy. It was the basic energy source that fueled the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th

Coal Exploration and Mining - Encyclopedia of Life Support ...

UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS COAL, OIL SHALE, NATURAL BITUMEN, HEAVY OIL AND PEAT – Vol. I-Coal Exploration and Mining - Lixun Kang ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) 1.3.2 Field mapping techniques Geological mapping is a necessary starting point for the fieldwork of coal exploration.

Coal | Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia

Although coal mining can be a profitable business, it can also be costly and dangerous. Miners are often subjected to injury, “black lung” and other harmful effects caused by breathing coal dust, mine collapses, and the possibility of death. Coal mining can also having a drastic impact on communities with mines.

Coal mining | World Coal Association

Coal mining is only a temporary use of land, so it is vital that rehabilitation of land takes place once mining operations have stopped. In best practice a detailed rehabilitation or reclamation plan is designed and approved for each coal mine, covering the period from the start of operations until well after mining …

Coal - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coal-fired power stations produce 37% of the world's electricity. Compared to other non-renewable sources of energy, coal is non-efficient and produces high amounts of greenhouse gases. Yet, coal is commonly found and cheap but the more mining of coal has made finding coal harder by time. Industry

Mining Labor | Encyclopedia of Alabama

Current reports indicate that coal underlies 9,700 square miles of state land, encompassing 3.1 billion tons of recoverable reserves. Accidents and explosions remain a threat in the mineral region of north-central Alabama, but miners, now unionized, continue to extract coal in more than 50 mining operations.

Coalmine | Article about Coalmine by The Free Dictionary

coal mining, physical extraction of coal resources to yield coal; also, the business of exploring for, developing, mining, and transporting coal in any form. Strip mining is the process in which the overburden (earth and rock material overlying the coal) is removed to expose a coal seam or coal bed.

Coal Mining | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Mar 23, 2015· A carbonaceous fossil fuel, coal has a long history as the key energy source in the transition to industrialization, beginning in 17th-century Europe. In Canada, the history of commercial coal mining dates back nearly three centuries. Coal provided a critical energy source for early industrialization, generating steam power and coke (i.e., a manufactured, high-carbon derivative of coal …

Coal mining - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coal mining is the process of getting coal out of the ground. It is part of the mining industry. Coal is used as a resource for making electricity. Extraction. Surface mining is done when the coal is near the surface. Coal miners remove the soil above the coal. The coal can then be removed without the coal miners having to go deep underground..

The US Coal Industry in the Nineteenth Century

As a result, coal mining needed larger amounts of capital as new systems of pumping, ventilation, and extraction required the implementation of steam power in mines. By the 1890s, electric cutting machines replaced the blasting method of loosening the coal in some mines, and by 1900 a quarter of American coal was mined using these methods ...

Mining links: Underground mining (soft rock) - Wikipedia ...

Underground mining (soft rock) refers to a group of underground mining techniques used to extract coal, oil shale and other minerals or geological materials from sedimentary ("soft") rocks. Because deposits in sedimentary rocks are commonly layered and relatively less hard, the mining methods used differ from those used to mine deposits in igneousor metamorphic rocks (see Underground mining ...

History of coal mining - Wikipedia

Coal mining

coal mining | Infoplease

coal mining, physical extraction of coal resources to yield coal; also, the business of exploring for, developing, mining, and transporting coal in any form. Strip mining is the process in which the overburden (earth and rock material overlying the coal) is removed to expose a coal seam or coal bed.

Coal mining Facts for Kids - Kiddle encyclopedia

Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content, and, since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production.

Coal and coal mining – Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand

Europeans began mining coal in New Zealand in the 1840s. At first, men went underground and dug out the coal with picks and shovels. In the early 1900s men used compressed-air machines in mines to cut coal from the rock.

Mining coal | Article about Mining coal by The Free Dictionary

physical extraction of coal resources to yield coal; also, the business of exploring for, developing, mining, and transporting coal in any form. Strip mining is the process in which the overburden (earth and rock material overlying the coal) is removed to expose a coal seam or coal bed.

Coal | Encyclopedia.com

Coal mining companies are required to submit detailed reports of mining plans to ensure minimal destruction of the environment. In 1986 the U.S. government and private industry began working together through the Clean Coal Technology Program to find cleaner, more efficient methods of mining coal and using its energy. BIBLIOGRAPHY

Coal - New World Encyclopedia

Coal is a black or brownish-black sedimentary rock composed primarily of carbon, along with other assorted substances, including sulfur.It is extracted by underground mining or open-pit mining. As a readily available, combustible material, it is an extremely significant fuel for the generation of heat and electricity.Approximately 40 percent of the world's electricity production depends on ...

Mining | Tennessee Encyclopedia

The leading industry was coal mining, followed in order by copper and phosphate. By 1919 coal continued to be the leading mineral product of the Volunteer State, but phosphate rock had risen to second in both the state and the nation, followed by lead-bearing zinc ores, marble, iron, and copper.

Coal Industry - e-WV | The West ia Encyclopedia

James Otis Watson, sometimes regarded as the father of the West ia coal industry, must be considered as leader. Born in 1815 to parents who were among the first settlers in the Fairmont area, Watson learned all he could about mining coal and in 1852 organized the Montana Mining Company.

coalcampusa.com - APPALACHIAN COALFIELDS

A Scrapbook of Appalachian Coal Towns. Online since 2001. as seen in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. and the Charleston Gazette. and the Big Stone Gap Post "Amazingly thorough, obsessively comprehensive documentation of coal mines and coal mining towns in the Appalachian mountain area. " - Encyclopedia of Forlorn Places. EASTERN PENNSYLVANIA ...

Coal mining - Wikipedia

coal mining, physical extraction of coal resources to yield coal; also, the business of exploring for, developing, mining, and transporting coal in any form. Strip mining is the process in which the overburden (earth and rock material overlying the coal) is removed to expose a coal seam or coal bed.

coal | National Geographic Society

Coal is a non-renewable fossil fuel that is combusted and used to generate electricity. Mining techniques and combustion are both dangerous to miners and hazardous to the environment; however, coal accounts for about half of the electricity generation in the United States.